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【65班】第123课笔记 A trip to Australia
作者:yingqiaojiaoyu
时间:2019-01-22

第一部分:复习

定语从句1014121要点上知识点补充:

1.???? 当关系代词在定语从句中做介词宾语时,且介词提前,一不省略,二不用that,三用which / whom

e.g. ?She is the girl to ___D___ I talked yesterday.

A. that??? B. /??? C. who??? D. whom

She is the girl of whom the mother is a teacher.

?It’s the desk of which the legs are broken.

2. whose 做引导词引导定语从句的特点:

先行词在从句中做定语,也可理解为先行词和从句中的名词间存在所属关系。

先行词为人,为物都用whose

e.g. She is the girl whose mother is a teacher.

It’s the desk whose legs are broken.

第二部分:了解

这一部分不做重点讲解,要点上有详细的讲解,宝贝儿必须仔细看要点P137

关系代词只能用that 不能用which的情况:

(1)先行词有最高级修饰???????? eg: They’re the tallest men that play basketball.

先行词有序数词修饰???????? eg: He is the first man that answered my question.

先行词有very, just, right, only修饰eg: He’s the very person that I am looking for.

先行词即有人又有物

?Do you know the singer and the song that they are talking about?

先行词为不定代词any, little, few, much, none, all, nothing, everything

eg: I found nothing that was new.

句中已出现which who时,避免重复

eg: Which umbrella that he bought is the most expensive?

there be 中出现物作先行词。???? eg:There is a book that is very interesting.

关系代词不能用that 的情况:

⑴非限定性定语从句:有逗号的

eg: He is the man, who teaches me.

⑵作介词宾语且介词提前, 不用who, 不用that,不能省略

eg: He’s the man to whom I talked yesterday.

⑶先行词是that /those,避免重复用who, which.

eg: Those who finish the work mustn’t have dinner.

⑷有anyone, someone, no one, somebody, 用who不用that,是习惯性的

⑸there be 句中先行词是人,用who.

?? eg: There is a man who is dancing.

经典例句:

I think that that that that that student wrote on the blackboard is wrong.

第一个that 引导宾语从句,可以省略。

第二个that 那个

第三个that 单词“that”

第四个that 定语从句关系代词在从句中作宾语,可以省略。

但语法上先行词有that 修饰不可用which,此处需要注意。

第五个that 那个

第三部分 :课文

1. take a photo of sb.??? 给某人照相?

原型take 单三takes现在分词taking过去式took过去分词taken

e.g. -- Have you taken a photo of your brother yet?

?? -- Yes, I have.

?? -- When did you take a photo of your brother?

?? -- I took a photo of my brother yesterday.

2.? during the trip to sp. 在去…的旅行期间

? e.g. During my trip toAustralia.? ?to Australia是后置定语,修饰trip

???? I had a good time during the trip toBeijing.????

3.???? let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事。(sb.用宾格,do是动词原形)

let sb. not do sth.? 让某人不要做某事。

e.g. Let me see it. = Let me have a look at it.

Let’s play basketball, shall we?

Let us play basketball, will you?

4.???? They are people I met during the trip.

此句中定语从句I met during the trip

引导词在定语从句中代替先行词people作met宾语省略。

先行词为人,此时可用who, whom, that

5.???? That’s the ship we travelled on. (travel变过去式travelled或者traveled都行)

此句中定语从句we travelled on

引导词在定语从句中代替先行词the ship作on的宾语省略。

先行词为物,此时可用which, that

6.???? What a beautiful ship! = How beautiful the ship is!

? 感叹句:

What + a/an + adj. + n. + (+ )

How + adj. + a/an + n. + 主+ 谓!(此句不常见)

??How + adj./ adv. + (+ )

? 注:What的感叹句中,adj. 后紧跟着n.

????? How的感叹句中,adj.不紧跟着名词。有n. 的话,前必须有the

7.???? offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 给某人提供某物

e.g.? He is the man who offered me a job inAustralia.

8.???? grow(1)种植 grow flowers 种花????????????

??? (2)生长 grow up

??? (3)留头发,续胡须:grow hair;grow beard

9.? shave off?? 刮掉 (当宾语为代词时,放中间)

第四部分:语法

关系副词

?

在定语从句中,充当主语、宾语用关系代词(who,whom,that,which)

在定语从句中,充当定语用关系代词whose

在定语从句中,充当状语的用关系副词:

区分一下的3个例子:

This is the room __where___ I live.

This is the room __which / that__ I live in.

This is the room __in which__ I live.

总结:(1) 关系副词在定语从句中充当状语,

地点状语用where

时间状语用when

原因状语用why

(2) 定语从句中的谓语动词(动作)与先行词可以直接相连,用关系代词。

(3) 定语从句中的谓语动词(动作)与先行词不可以直接相连,用关系副词。

eg: ?1. I will never the day __when__ I miss.

此句中的动词miss 不能与先行词 the day 相连,需要借助介词 on

所以用关系副词 when

2. I will never the day ??which? ?I spent in the village.

此句中的动词 spent 可以与先行词 the day 直接连用

因此用关系代词 which

3. I will never the day __when__ I played in the village.

此句中的动词play不能与先行词 the day 相连,需要借助介词 on

所以用关系副词 when