【3班】L51Reward for virtue对美德的奖赏

1. Reward

n. 报酬 奖赏 酬谢 赏金

??He received a medal in reward for?his success.

??He worked hard without any reward.

v. 给予报酬

??Is this how you reward me for?my help?

??You will be ?rewarded with?all your efforts.

??I will reward you later

2. Virtue un

??a man of virtue 有美德的男人

??诚实是一种美德Honesty is a virtue

??lead a life of virtue过着高尚的生活

3. diet

??go on a diet / be on a diet 节食

??put on weight / gain weight 增重

??lose weight 减肥

??a blanced diet 均衡饮食

??I was on a diet recently 我最近在节食

??Eating too much without exercises will put on your weight

4.forbid(forbade ??forbidden)

??forbid+N / doing


??Smoking is forbidden in this building

??forbid sb to do sth?阻止某人做某事


??My father forbade me to watch TV

??forbidden V-ed被禁止的

??forbidden fruit ?禁果

??forbidden ground 禁区

?5. hurriedly adv.

??hurry [v] [n] / hurried ?[adj] ??/ hurriedly ?[adv]

??He hurried home

??He hurried to school

??hurry to + 地点?匆忙赶到某地

??He hurried back to his office

??He hurried into the car

??He hurried home

6.embarrass 使。。尴尬,难堪

??embarrass sb

??Your words embarrassed him a lot

??Are you trying to embarrass me?

??Don't embarrass them by asking personal questions不要问个人问题使他们难堪

??embarrassed 感到尴尬的,难堪的

??embarrassing 令人难堪的

??She was embarrassed by his loud laughter

7.guilt guilty guiltily

??I feel guilty about?....


??I feel guilty about your accident

??I feel guilty because....

??I fell guilty because I failed the exam考试没考好让我内疚

8. strict

??be strict in sth?对。。事挑剔,要求多

??be strict with sb?对。。人要求严格

??He is strict in songs

??He is strict with his son

??be strict in ones work

??be strict in ones study


??First of all , you must be strict with yourself

??严格的老师 ???a strict teacher .

??严格的规定 ???strict ?rules


9.Occasionally adv

??occasion ??场合 机会

??occasional 偶尔

??On this occasion / that occasion 在这种场合,那种场合

??I don't have the occasion to speak English我没有机会说英语

??He has ?few occasions to get on stage他又几次机会上台


??It means a particular state of affairs ;a situation

??How are things going?=how is it going?=how are you?=what's up

??so ....that 如此。。。以至。。

??The rain is so heavy that i can't go across the steet

??I was so tired that I fell asleep in few seconds

??decide to do 决定做某事





write out 详细的写出 、列出

??write out a check

??wirte out a list

??wirte out a list of names

??foods; fruits; fishes.

include and contain

??include ??包括(作为整体的一部分)主语是人或物

??The price includes the tax这个价格含税


??The United Kingdom includes Northern Ireland and Wales

??这个乐队演奏过很多歌曲,包括我一些我的最爱The band played many songs, including(介词) some of my favourites.


??I bought a lot of foods which include milk, toast, eggs and sausage.

??contain 包含,容纳 。(在某个容器或物体内)不能用于进行时


??That box contains old letters= There are old letters in that box


??The room can contain 700 people


??The reading room contain 4000 books


??The hall can contain two hundred people.

pay sb a visit/ pay a visit to sb


??I paid a visit to?my sister yesterday


??My ex-girfriend said she would pay me a visit, that embarrass me



as....as ever.和以往一样

??JIM 和以前一样努力

??Jim works as hard as ever


??He is still as stupid as ever


??Don't pay attention to his words , because it is as boring as ever


??I will take care of you as much as ever


it was obvious?that .....


??it was obvious that he was lying


??it was obvious that he didn't do his homework


??it was obvious that the train can't stop


??it was obvious that I didn't follow his advice


??yesterday i paid him a visit

??Then he showed me the contents of the parcel

??give sb sth / give sth to sb


??pass sb sth / ?pass sth to sb


??bring ?,ask, buy, fetch, ?sell, teach, tell


??Don't foget to bring me cherry


??He passed the passenger passport


??Could ask her the following questions for me?


??My mom fetched me a box of chocalate


??That tall boy who is about 27 years old sells drug


??Chirs teaches us English every Wednesday

??告诉他这个消息Tell him the news


??Tell him that I want to pay him a visit next Summer vocation

The Attributive Clause 定语从句


The baby whose trousers are red is Jack.

The baby who is wearing red trousers is Jack.

Which house is mine??房顶是棕色的房子是我的

The house whose roof is brown is mine.

The house of which the roof is brown is mine.





The Attributive Clause (定语从句)

1. 定义:在复合句中修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。


2. 先行词:被定语从句所修饰的词?(名词或代词) 叫先行词。




?3. 定语从句由于关系代词和关系副词引导,关系代词或


? 关系副词放在先行词和定语从句之间,起联系作用,同时

? 又作从句中的一个成分。







关系代词 ???????在句子中的作用 ??????指代作用

That ???????????主语宾语表语 ??????指人或指物

Who ????????主语、宾语(口语 ???指人(可与that 互换)


whom ?????宾语(动宾或介宾) ??指人

whose ????????定语 ?????????????指人或指物

which ????????主语或宾语 ???指物(有时可与that 互换)


关系副词 ?????在句子中的作用 ??????指代(代替功能)

When ????????时间状语 ???????????时间名词

(on / in / during which)

Where ????????地点状语 ??????????地点名词

(in / at which)

Why ??????????原因状语 ??????????指代原因

(for which)


1. who指人,作主语或宾语?(作宾语可省略)

The man who?I talked with is our teacher.

A person ?who?steals things is called a thief.

2. whom指人,作宾语 (作宾语可省略,


The man (whom/who)?I nodded to is Mr. Li.

The man to whom?I nodded is Professor Li

3. which 指物,作主语或宾语?(作宾语可省

????, 如介词提前则不能省)

These are the trees which?were planted

last year.

This recorder which?he is using is

made in Japan

Is this the library (which)?you borrow books from?

Is this the library from which?you borrow


4. that 指人/物,作主语或宾语?(作宾语可省略)

A plane is a machine. It can fly.

A plane is a machine that?can fly.

He is the man. I told you about him.

He is the man (that)?I told you about.

5. whose ?作定语?

I know the girl whose?mother is a famous doctor.

(1) The scientist is very famous in the world.
??????We met her yesterday.

The scientist????we met yesterday is very famous ????

?????????????????????who ?????????????????????????????????in the world.



(3) He is the kind person. ?

??????I have ever worked with him.?

He is the kind person that?I have ever worked with.




(4) This is the best film. ?I have ever seen this film.

This is the best film that?I have ever seen.


Fill in the blanks with who, whom, ?that, or which.

1 The earthquake _which/that_ hit the city in 1906 was the biggest in American history.

2 We don’t know the number of people _?who/that_ lost their homes in the 1906 earthquake.

3 The house _?which/that_ they built in 1987 stayed up in the earthquake.

4 A house _?which/that_ is built on sand may fall down in an earthquake.

5Luckily none of the people _?who/whom_ I know were killed in the earthquake.

6 people _?who_ study earthquakes thinks that there will be another big one soon.



1 由于关系代词在主句与从句间既起到联系作用,又在从句中充当一个成分,因此,?要正确判断关系代词在从句中的功能,如作主语还是宾语等。


2 当先行词指人时,关系代词可用who(做主语,宾语),that(做主语,宾语),whom(作宾语),whose(作定语)


3 当先行词指物时,关系代词可用that(做主语,宾语),which(做主语,宾语)


4 再定语从句中,作宾语的关系代词长可省略,但在介词后面的关系代词不能省略。指人时,介词后只用whom,指物时,介词后只用which


5 在非限制性定语从句中,指人时,只用who,指物时,只用which




1. when 在从句中作时间状语?

I’ll never forget the day when?we met for

The story happened on the day when?he was born

2. Where 在从句中作地点状语

This is the place where I lived 5 years ago.

He showed me the building where?his father worked.

3. Why 在从句中作原因状语

I dont know the reason why he is always

?late for ?school.

This is the reason why?we must go earlier

?4) .当主句以who which 开头时, 只用that,


Who is the girl that spoke to you just now?

Which is the car that was made in China?


?1. This is the job ______they laughed at. ???

??????A.which ?????B.as ????C.it ?????D.who

?2. Beihai Park is a beautiful park____built about 300 years ago.

??A.where was ??B.that were ?C.which was ????D.where

3. Who was the grey-haired man ______at yesterday’s meeting?

A.we saw him ?B.we saw ??C.we saw who ?D.she was seen

4. The man ______is painting the house is my uncle.

??????A.he B.whom ?????C.whose ????????D.who

5. What is the animal ______baby is sleeping in its pocket?

??????A.who ?B.whose ??????????C.its ????????D.which

6. This book is for the students ______native language ????isn’t English.

?????A.that ?B.of whom ??????C.whose ????????D.who’s

7. The robbers shouted, “Hands up!I’ll shoot anyone ______moves!”

?????A.whom ?B.that ??C.who ????D.whose

8.The dictionary_____he paid 50 yuan for is very useful.

?????A.which ?????B.for which ??

?????C.on which ???????D.about which

9The boy_____parents died two years ago lives with his grandpa now.

??????A.whose ??????B.who ??????????C.his ???????????D./

10.The man_______ is smoking is a bus driver.

????????A. whom ??B.who ???C. which ??????D. what




1.This is the second article that?I have written in English.

2.It is the best film?that?he has ever seen.

3.This is the very book?that I want to read.

4. All that?they told me surprised me.

5.They talked about the teachers and schools?that?they had visited.

6. Who?is the girl that was there?


7.It is such a difficult question that no one can work it out.

8. It is such a difficult question as no one can work out.

9. I dont like the way in which?you talk to your mother.

10.She is the only?one of the students who comes?from the countryside.

11.She is one of?the students who come from the countryside.

12.Is this museum the one that you once visited?

13.Is this the museum that you once visited?

14.It was in 1949 that the PRC was founded.

15.It was 1949 when the PRC was founded.

16.Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, one I will always treasure.

17.I bought a Chinese vase, the price of which/ whose price was reasonable.

18.I shall never forget those years when I lived in the country, which has a great effect on my life.

19. It was in the village (where ?he grew up) that he set up a new school.