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新概念二册
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【4班】Lesson 45 A clear conscience 问心无愧
作者:yingqiaojiaoyu
时间:2019-03-24

1.clear ?adj. 无罪的;不亏心的;清晰地

A clear conscience 问心无愧

2.conscience n. 道德;良心

eg:不做亏心事,不怕半夜鬼敲门。

???A clear conscience never fears midnight knocking.

??concientious ?adj. 凭良心的;诚实的

3.wallet n. 钱包

4.savings ?n. 存款

saving bank 储蓄银行

saving account 储蓄存款账户

eg: 他用存的钱买了这辆自行车。

????He used his savings to buy ?the bike .

5.villager n. 村民;乡下人

er 表示人,类似的词很多。如:

waiter 侍者 manager 经理 reporter 记者

6.per cent ?百分之

eg: 我百分之百同意。

I am ?100 per cent in agreement .

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课文

1The whole village soon learnt that a large sum of money had been lost.

主从复合句,that引导宾语从句。

1village在这里为总称,指“村民”,the whole village指“全村的人”,后面通常跟单数动词(有时也可视为复数)

??eg:这消息使全村的人兴奋。

The whole village was excited by the news.

2learn在句中的含义为“获悉”、“得知”:

我刚刚得知她病了。

I've just learnt that she was ill.

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3Sam Benton, the local butcher, had lost his wallet while taking his savings to the post office.

简单句。while 引导的现在分词作伴随状语

while he was taking his savings to the post office。现在分词这样用的前提是两个动词的主语是同一个,并且这两个动作通常是同时发生的.

?

他一边打扫房间一边听音乐。

He listened to music while cleaning the room.

如果是主语不一致则必须用从句:

我打扫房间时,他在听音乐

He listened to music while I was cleaning the room.

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4Sam was sure that the wallet must have been found by one of the villagers

must用于对过去已发生的事进行推测时,后面的动词要用完成式

我到这儿的时候他已不在了。他一定早走了。

When I arrived, he wasn't here. He must have left early.

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5it contained half the money he had lost,

我们既可以说 half the money,也可以说 half of the money,它们可以互相替代,但是money前都必须有the,因为是指特定的钱。再如:

这面包有一半已变质了。

Half the bread/ half of the bread was bad.

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6In time, all Sam's money was paid back in this way.

含一般过去式的简单句。

1in time可以表示“经过一段时间”或“最终”、“迟早”:

??我最终/总有一天会把一切都告诉你的。

??I'll tell you everything in time.

2in this way表示“用这样的方式”:

??必须注意你的拼写。

??这样你才能最终成为一个好秘书。

??You must pay attention to your spelling. In this way, you can become a good secretary in time.

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被动语态

??被动语态的基本形式为助动词be ?+ 及物动词的过去分词,即be done。被动语态的不同时态是通过助动词be的时态变化来体现的,其人称和数方面应与主语保持一致。在初中阶段要求掌握八种时态的被动语态和含有情态动词的被动语态,其具体变化为:

?

一般现在时:amisare ?done

一般过去时:waswere ?done

现在完成时:have has been ?done

过去完成时:had been ?done

现在进行时:amisare being ?done

过去进行时:was / were being ?done

一般将来时:shall will be ?done

过去将来时:should would be ?done

含情态动词:情态动词+be ?done

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.被动语态的否定式:在第一个助动词后加not构成。

We don't believe her .变被动

She is not believe by us .

.被动语态的疑问式:把第一个助动词提到主语之前,句尾加问号构成。例如:

Where did they grow vegetables?(改为被动语态)

?

.带双宾语的两种被动语态形式:

?① 把指人的间接宾用作被动句的主语,如:

???She gave me a book.

???I was given a book by her.

② 把指物的直接宾语用作被动句的主语,此时,间接宾语前需加介词tofor, 如:

??1) She gave me a book.

??A book was given to me by her.

2). She bought me a present.

??A present was bought for me by her.