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新概念二册
当前位置:首页?>?资料中心?>?新概念二册?>?正文
【5班】Lesson 27 A wet night
作者:yingqiaojiaoyu
时间:2019-04-14

词汇

1. ?field ????(1). n.田地, 田野(大片的)

in the field 在田野里

常用搭配:airfield ?停机坪 (介词用on)??????airport ?机场 ?at/in the airport

football field 足球场地 ????????????battle field ???战场

field ??????(2).?n. ?领域

常用搭配: in one's field ...领域

例句:他是他所在领域内的专家。 He is an expert in his field.

Expert ?n.专家 = specialist

field ?????(3). ?v. 接球动作(棒球,板球)

2. ?smell ?v.闻起来 ?过去式和过去分词 smelled / smelt??????????smell ?+形容词

常见错误: The food smelt well.

不能说成 “smell well” , “well” 是副词, 身体好才用 “well”

复习感官动词: ??后加形容词,本身有单三

Look 看起来Taste 尝起来sound 听起来

feel; ??⑴感到 I feel ill. (心理感到)

用手的感受 The blackboard felt cold.

情态动词: 态度,主观意愿

本身无变化,后面动词也无变化

Can

May

Could ?????????+ 动词原形

Must

might

wonderful ?adj. 极好的

口语中用得更多的是 : Great ! (与物或事情相连)

Excellent ! (与人相连) ???a.卓越的, 极好的

Outstanding ! ??出众的

Brilliant! ????a.灿烂的, 闪耀的, 有才气的)

Fantastic! ???事情变化让人又惊又喜。

Adorable! ???太好了。

3. ??campfire ?n. 营火, 篝火

fire ??n. (1). 火 ??可数/不可数 ?????火堆可数,???火焰不可数

(2).?射击, 炮火, 火力 Hold on your fire. 保持火力。

(3). v. 开火 例句:他命令他的士兵开枪。 He ordered his men to fire.

解雇???常用于口语

4. creep ?v. (crept, crept) 爬行 (蹑手蹑脚的) ,匍匐前进

区别: climb the tree ???上下的爬 ?

crawl :(平行,缓慢) ?n.自由泳

搭配: creep out 蹑手蹑脚(偷偷摸摸的)

climb / crawl / creep

例句: Sam 正在爬树。 Sam is climbing the tree.

2. 这个小孩在地上爬行。 This baby is crawling on the floor.

3. 他偷偷溜出房子。 He crept out the school.

5. sleeping bag ?睡袋

动词加ing 变成形容词作定语有二个意思 :

正在... : sleeping dog

用来做... : sleeping bag

listening material 听力资料

walking stick 拐杖

passing plane 路过的飞机

6. comfortable ?a. ??舒适的, 安逸的??丰富的 ,多的

例句:他的收入很可观。 He has a comfortable income.

7. soundly ?adv.

(1) 坚实地,牢固地

例句: 这栋建筑物牢牢矗立在那。 The building stands there soundly.

(2) 酣然地,香甜的

例句:我那一天睡得很熟。 I slept soundly that day.

(3) 彻底地,完全地=completely

例句:日本被彻底摧毁。 Japan was destroyed soundly.

(4) 健全地,稳健地

例句:我们步伐稳健。 We are walking soundly.

(5) 重重地,严厉地

例句:妈妈严厉的和我谈话。 Mum talked to me soundly.

8. sleep ??v. 睡觉

go to bed 上床 go to sleep 睡觉/fall asleep坠入梦乡sleep well睡得很好

sleep deeply 睡得很沉

fast : fall fast asleep 睡得好香 fast asleep 熟睡

9. leap ?v. 跳跃, 跳起

区别: jump 原地跳跃???????????leap : 跳跃, 有距离 从这边跳到另一边, 位置变化

skip ??v.幅度小,或是抽象的略过

例句:Look before you leap.三思而后行

leap year/month 闰年/

10. heavily ?adv. 大量地,浓密地,繁茂地

rain/snow heavily 一般与雨雪连用smoke heavily 烟瘾重

例句:这棵树生长得十分茂密。 This tree is growing heavily.

11. ?stream ??n. (1). 小溪 (2)., 一股, 一串 (量词)

例句:一股人流走进影院。 A stream of people was going into the cinema.

(3).?水流方向, 潮流

例句:He can’t go against the stream of

public opinion.他不能逆潮流行事。

(4).(按能力分的)班级,组

例句:She is in the A stream.她在A班。

12. form ?????v. 形成 ?n.表格

?wind [waind] v. ?(woundwound) ???wind one‘s way 蜿蜒而行

注意与名词wind[wind]的读音不同. ?

right ?adv. 正好????强调作用

right 做副词时强调后边的形容词, 副词, 介词短语, 不强调动词.可用just来替换

Right here.就在这儿 ?Right here waiting for you 《此情可待》

后边加代词时只能用just. : just you 就是你了. 不能用 right代替

just like 正好/just as 正如

课文

1. Late in the afternoon, the boys put up their tent in the middle of a field.

late???later???lately????latest????latter

(2011. 四川卷) learn how to put up?a library building.

?build ???泛指

set up ??开始着手

?found ?建立机构、组织

??Please put up your hands if you have any questions. 举起,升起

??Obama has made up his mind to put up for the president again this year.

???make up one’s mind ??下定决心做某事

??竞选,提名为候选人

??put up a poster ?张贴

2. As most of their houses were damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be put up in a stadium.

???stadium ?体育馆??住宿,过夜

????put up with ?忍受,容忍 (bear, tolerate, stand)

?in the middle of

?中间,在当中,用于表示时间或某个过程中

He heard someone shouting in the middle of the night.
Mary was in the middle of reading when her aunt arrived.?

3. ?He has just bought an Australian car and has gone to Alice Springs, a small town in the center of Australia. (4)

in the center of ?中部,在中央,一般用于地理位置

Wulin Square is in the center of Hangzhou.

As soon as this was done, they cooked a meal over an open fire.

???as soon as ?????????????on doing… ?

??(此句型前提,必须是动名词的逻辑主语与主句中主语一致)

??On arriving at home, I opened my computer.

??On arriving at home, it began to rain.

?As soon as I arrive at home, it began to rain.

??as far as?????As far as I’m concerned…????而言

??(2002.上海)As far as I’m concerned, education is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you are.

cook

? ???????roast????? bake????steam??? boil ??boiled water????fry

?chef?????cooker

over正上方,强调在某一物体的正上方。(over an open fire)

?above ?上方

4. fire因玩火而引起了火灾,幸得消防队员及时赶到扑灭了火。

?play with fire?????????cause fire????fireman?????put out the fire

?Playing with fire caused fire, luckily, firemen came to put out the fire.

firework

??hire

?employ

5. They were all hungry and the food smelled good.

hungryn./v. hunger 渴望

a hunger for knowledge/peace

thirsty????thirst

a thirst for independence

smell??????smells smellytastes tasty?????smelly ??adj. 发臭的

6. After a wonderful meal, they told stories and sang songs by the campfire.

campfire????camp 营地?a winter/summer camp?????refugee camp

Camp David ?????戴维营

Auschwitz concentration camp

wonderful 同义替换

wonderful ??????????极好的

great ???????????????????很棒(口语) ??

excellent ????????????卓越的, 极好的(与人相连)

outstanding ???????突出的

7. ?The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and crept into their tent.

You may be tired with reading, but you should not be tired of it.

?be tired with / from 而疲倦

?be tired of 厌倦

creep

v. 爬行 (蹑手蹑脚的),匍匐

Children learn to creep before they can go.

孩子要走路,先得学爬行

Their sleeping bags were warm and comfortable, so they all slept soundly.

warm ?adj. 温暖的global warming

damage to the ozone layer

greenhouse effect

acid rain

extinction of species

sound???adj. 健康的,稳固的????sound development

She is sound in body and ?mind.

她身心健康。

in the pink?

(睡眠) 充足的 a ?sound sleep

8. They all leapt out of their sleeping bags and hurried outside.

leap ?v. 跳跃Students leap for joy at the good news.

jump ??上下跳jump up and down

skip ??蹦跳,跳过,跳读skip rope ????skip class

n. 飞跃,激增???????historical leap??????leap year ?闰年

?Look before you leap. 三思而后行

9. It was raining heavily and they found that a stream had formed in the field.

Form???vi. 形成,产生

Ice forms when it is cold enough. ?如果冷到一定的程度,冰就会形成

vt. 养成form good health habits 养成良好的卫生习惯

n. 形式,种类in the form of ?形式

10. His diet can not be considered as healthy because it contains a lot of fat in the form of meat, cakes and cream.

Every applicant(申请人) must fill in three forms.表格

11. The stream wound its way across the field and then flowed right under their tent.

wind ????wind one's way 蜿蜒而行

A path winds through the woods.?

?wound 受伤???injure????hurt?